Hydroponic Gardening

— Written By
en Español / em Português

El inglés es el idioma de control de esta página. En la medida en que haya algún conflicto entre la traducción al inglés y la traducción, el inglés prevalece.

Al hacer clic en el enlace de traducción se activa un servicio de traducción gratuito para convertir la página al español. Al igual que con cualquier traducción por Internet, la conversión no es sensible al contexto y puede que no traduzca el texto en su significado original. NC State Extension no garantiza la exactitud del texto traducido. Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunas aplicaciones y/o servicios pueden no funcionar como se espera cuando se traducen.


Inglês é o idioma de controle desta página. Na medida que haja algum conflito entre o texto original em Inglês e a tradução, o Inglês prevalece.

Ao clicar no link de tradução, um serviço gratuito de tradução será ativado para converter a página para o Português. Como em qualquer tradução pela internet, a conversão não é sensivel ao contexto e pode não ocorrer a tradução para o significado orginal. O serviço de Extensão da Carolina do Norte (NC State Extension) não garante a exatidão do texto traduzido. Por favor, observe que algumas funções ou serviços podem não funcionar como esperado após a tradução.


English is the controlling language of this page. To the extent there is any conflict between the English text and the translation, English controls.

Clicking on the translation link activates a free translation service to convert the page to Spanish. As with any Internet translation, the conversion is not context-sensitive and may not translate the text to its original meaning. NC State Extension does not guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. Please note that some applications and/or services may not function as expected when translated.

Collapse ▲

By:  Aimee Jarrels, Extension Master Gardener Volunteer in Pender County

Hydroponic gardening

Hydroponics gardening has recently become popular because of urbanization, climate change, and land infertility. The increasing food production challenges taught people to develop innovative ways of gardening to address these ongoing concerns. Among the contemporary methods of gardening is Hydroponics Gardening.

Hydroponics is the method of cultivating plants without using soil where the plants are suspended in nutrient solutions. The term “hydroponics” was first used in 1973, a word coined by the Father of Hydroponics, Dr. William Frederick Gericke. The word hydroponics means water work, a combination of the Greek words ‘hydro’ means water and ‘ponos‘ which means labor.

Hydroponic systems vary and can be made accordingly. Among the common system structures are Wick System, Ebb and Flow system, Drip system, Deep water culture system, and Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) system. Wick System is done by placing absorbent material with a wick running from plants in the nutrient solution. This method is best for small plants. Ebb and Flow System works by flooding the grow bed to a certain level and time. The Drip System is the most popularly used where the nutrient solution is provided to individuals plants. Deep Water System works by placing the roots of the plants suspended in nutrients by an air stone. Lastly, the Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) System, allows the nutrient solution to flow throughout the whole system from the reservoir to the plants’ root system.

The use of hydroponic gardening allows higher production in a shorter amount of time. It allows efficient water use, and a hydroponic form of gardening allows those who live in urban and small spaces to have a fresh harvest all year-round. There are also fewer pests and diseases since the environment can be controlled. The initial cost of setting up the system and the technical knowledge pose a challenge to those who want to venture into this innovative gardening method.

Whether this method provides more benefits than limitation, it sure gives us a glimpse of the many and wide array of how food production has evolved to address the current global food problem.

If you have questions or need help setting up your system, please call the local Horticulture Agent in the county that you live in. Please click on your county and then click on meet our staff here:  https://www.ces.ncsu.edu/

More Resources